Learn the modes and also learn the relative minor and major scales to each scale. Yes, there are a few composers who have used it, but both rock and jazz prefers chords to resolve, more than anything. Hopefully this series on modes have helped some of you readers that might have been confused on what exactly these mode things are. Both approaches have worked well for lots of guitarists in the past. As the name suggests it's easiest to think of this as a Locrian Mode with a natural 2nd. I'm trying to build this site up to be a valuable resource for guitar students and teachers. C, D, E, F, G, A, B and C. Look at the image below and think of the B Locrian mode starting on the green B note and playing all the notes to the B note on high E string. It is almost as if it resists having B as the tonic note, because the ear really wants the notes to resolve. We can further hear this when we build a chord progression on the unstable-sounding B diminished chord (or Bm7b5): Bm7b5 – G – Am – F. Sounds weird, huh? Here is a list of the Locrian in every key: I play guitar. Cool thing is that any scale can have modes- we call the 5 modes of the pentatonic scale ‘boxes’. Even still, because the locrian mode is said to be the ‘hardest’ mode, it is a good chance to test out your knowledge and consolidate some key ideas and concepts. This is the last mode we have to learn in the key of C major. Try to come up with some other places to play all of these modes. Then add some chords from the key of C major on top: Now I will play a solo using B Locrian over the top. But in the end, playing in a mode on guitar has as much to do with the structure of the chords behind the solo as the notes in the solo itself. All rights reserved. . If you have not read any of the above posts, the one thing that you do need to be familiar with is major scales. Let’s do an example. Funny, while doing some research for this article, I came across several blogs that mentioned songs like YYZ, Enter Sandman, and the song Black Sabbath as examples of Locrian, but other than the flat five note common in each one, they are all built on single note riffs (pretty awesome ones at that) but with no chordal harmony suggesting the Locrian mode. The Locrian scale is the minor scale that appears when a major scale is played with the seventh note (seventh scale-degree) as the root. The B diminished chord has the notes of B, D and F. The B note on the Low E string has been highlighted. Modes of the harmonic and melodic minor scale get pretty strange names too. This still sounds strange, but strange is good, right? A Visual Learning Experience, Lead Guitar Made Easy. Move through all the strings to the high E string, We have now covered every mode of the key of C major. There has been an enormous amount of information presented to you. Knowledge of major scales is important here. For more about the modes, I would recommend any books or videos (or old magazine articles, if you can find them) by Frank Gambale. The B Locrian is a seven-note scale, it is also called a mode. Because we're thinking modally here we're looking at the individual chords you might use this scale over not the Chords In The Key of the Melodic Minor Scale.. Locrian Mode Explained – Theory, CAGED Positions and Diagrams, It contains a ‘flattened’ (or ‘lowered’) 2, 3, 5, 6, 7. If you have read any of the other posts on the other modes, or if you have read guitar modes explained, you will probably have a pretty good understanding of how modes work already. As I mentioned earlier, the locrian mode can be defined by the following: With the derivative approach, we are only really concerned with the fact that it is the 7th mode. D major has the following notes: In order to turn D major into D locrian, we need to lower the 2nd (E becomes Eb), 3rd (F# becomes F), 5th (A becomes Ab), 6th (B becomes Bb) and 7th (C# becomes C) notes: We have just constructed D Locrian using the parallel approach. As I mentioned before, the locrian mode contains a b2, b3, b5, b6, b7. The A major scale contains the following notes: The 7th note of the A major scale is G#. Or to put it even more simply, to play the locrean mode, we play the major scale and start on the 7th note. There has been an enormous amount of information presented to you. Try to memorize all the notes in the B diminished chord. As you study these modes, remember you can play them at different locations. This means that it is built upon the 7th note of the major scale. Now, let’s try to do the same using the derivative approach. You need to be able to understand major scales from a conceptual point of view and you need to be able to construct them in any key. Therefor, if we play the A major scale and start on G#, we are now playing G# Locrian: That’s it. We have just produced G# Locrean using the derivative approach. This mode is rarely used and often argued about. They are not too hard to understand, and it only works if you can practice them over chords. Remember all of the modes in the key of C major have the same notes. C Locrian Mode. I teach guitar. In this post, we are going to explore exactly how to do that. Of course, B flat major contains A as the 7th note: Therefor, to play A Locrian, we simply need to play the B flat major scale and start on A: We have just produced 3 examples of the Locrian scale using the derivative approach. Let’s look at the locrian scale using the derivative approach. In Western (or classical) harmony, music is about tension and resolution, the way we hear a G7 chord resolve to C major. Let’s do 1 more example and use both approaches to get there. The Locrian mode is a Diminished mode and is the 7th mode in the key of C major. It’s a diminished mode, the other modes are either major or minor. The locrian mode contains the following ‘lowered’ or ‘flattened’ notes: The locrian mode is quite a dark sounding mode. You can play the A Aeolian mode starting at the 5th fret, but you can also play this mode starting at any A note on the. All for only $19.95 – Instant online access, Order today! Here is a great way to play this mode using 3 notes-per-string: Notice the strange unfinished quality of this mode. Chords And Extensions. Let’s assume we want to play the D Locrian mode. It might sound complicated but it really is not. This is one way to practice this mode that doesn’t sound quite as strange: Use a constant eighth-note rhythm bass note, playing a B. Now the problem with this Locrian mode is that it has this same unresolved quality. In other words, you aren’t ‘using modes’ if the harmony in the background of your cool riff doesn’t point to a specific mode, or there is no harmony at all. If it goes to a C, you are not really playing in B locrian, but C Ionian, since that is where the harmony is going. Announcing the Eric Steckel Signature “Candy” Humbucker Set. The Locrian mode is the least used, and probably the most misunderstood out of all of the modes of the major scale. It is similar to the natural minor scale except for the lowered second and fifth. This is why the Locrian mode is sometimes called a ‘theoretical’ mode: it isn’t used much in our Western harmony system. The B notes have been highlighted and the fingering pattern illustrated. The chord it is played over is unresolved. You can play the A Aeolian mode starting at the 5th fret, but you can also play this mode starting at any A note on the fretboard. As you study these modes, remember you can play them at different locations. If you have any questions, send us an email. As you most likely know, C Major contains the following notes: Now, to turn C major into C locrian, we need to lower the 2nd note (D becomes Db), 3rd note (E becomes Eb), 5th note (G becomes Gb), 6th note (A becomes Ab) and 7th note (B becomes Bb). That’s a nice breakdown. Also, try to memorize all the notes that make up each chord. Again the best way to demonstrate the theory is to look at some examples. For this reason we’ll be playing over a B7alt chord in this lesson, but to keep the accidentals at a minimum, I’ll write everything as though it’s C melodic minor. Because it features a major 3rd and centers on a major chord, it’s considered a major mode. G7 is a B diminished chord with an added G: G B D F. G7 is the V chord in C. B diminished (or its 4 note sibling, a Bm7b5) is the vii chord in the key of C. So we can say that both the V chord and vii chord need to resolve back to the I (C major).
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