optative verb chinese

I am a Newbie and I've encountered a rather complex grammar topic: Optative verbs: 要,想,应该,得,能,可以 and,会。According to my textbook (Chinese Link L1P2) there are irregular negative forms for many of these verbs depending on the specific usage in a sentence. 1. Compared with 会, 能 has a more objective trend and focuses on objective conditions (generally: time, climate, weather, and non-subjective actions). However, only ‘不可以’ is used for prohibition. Both 不 and 没 can be used to negate an action ( or a verb, structurally speaking), but 不 is used to talk about you own intention, whereas 没 is … Chinese words for optative include 最好是, 最好的, 如意的 and 表愿望的. The difference between 会 and 能. If you want to know more about them, please, come along to one of our Mandarin lessons in London at first4mandarin. Find more Chinese words at! The most commonly used optative verbs are ‘会’, ‘能’ and ‘可以’ and they all share three main similarities: In spite of the above, the speaker should be careful when choosing the right optative verb. 能 may also focus on people’s capacity and skill which has reached a certain degree. Today we have learned the different uses of some optative verbs that can help someone to express the optative mood. Otherwise, ‘能’ and ‘可以’ are the optative verbs of choice to express general skills such as我能/可以介绍我的学校 (I can introduce my school). Optative verbs are then those words that help the speaker to express this mood. Which one do we use to describe Sparky’s challenge? For instance, 你能/可以进来 (You can come in). For instance: 他一天能吃5个苹果 (He can eat five apples every day). For example: B 你不能进来。 (You cannot come in. Grammar review: I. Optative Verbs Verbs, when placed before the main verb, expresses one's intention/motive types: 要, 想, 应该, 得, 能, 可以, 会 a. These verbs are also related with the process required to develop a skill. That is to say, if the ability is presented by concrete figures, 能 is more often used in this situation. Sometimes 会 is more frequently used in the ability in terms of intelligence and physical vigour. They can be replaced by ‘要’ in certain situations. Learn chinese verb optative with free interactive flashcards. : healthy enough) to go there. b. 0. As a last point, we would like to remind to the Mandarin Chinese students that ‘不能’ is the negative form for both optative verbs ‘能’ and ‘可以’. For example: 时间还早,我能走路回家 (It is still very early, I can walk back), Adelaide University Chinese Conversation Group, Can you do it? Required fields are marked *, You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

, Optative mood and optative verbs (‘会’, ‘能’ and ‘可以’) in Chinese. When someone expresses a skill, probability or disposition for something we say that the speaker is in optative mood. Read on to find out…. 想… You may make some sentences with these words in your mind and then I can find problems. The optative mood in Chinese is a grammatical category that is used when someone expresses a skill, probability or disposition for something. However, there are several differences between them. In this post, we are going to learn what is the optative mood of the speaker and how to express it using optative verbs in Chinese. So, there could be some context or circumstance of sickness warranting the use of 能.. there is a connotation of physical ability. Another difference between these words is that only ‘能’ and ‘可以’ can be used to give permission. In the sense of “indicate possibility”, 会 has a subjective tendency, such as the phrase 我会想你的 (I will miss you). In Chinese 会(huì) and 能(néng) both have the meaning of be able to/can do something and indicate possibilities. For example, if the speaker wants to emphasize that certain ability can only by acquired through learning, then ‘会’ should be used, like in我会说汉语 (I can speak Chinese). For example: 能 refers to inherent physical abilities: 她有眼睛,她能看(She has eyes so she is able to look at things), In the sentence: 他能去电影院吗?(Is he able to go to the cinema?) Your email address will not be published. They express ability, possibility and willingness, They always should be placed before the verb in the sentence and. Create a free website or blog at (Sorry I am a Chinese and my English is poor.) In the sense of “can and be able to”, 会 indicates that people have gained the ability via learning. Posted: March 10, 2011 in 能, Optative Verbs, 会 Tags: Chinese, Chinese grammar, optative verbs, Optative verbs in Chinese, Using 能 in Chinese, Using 会 in Chinese, verbs. It indicates the action will definitely happen according to the subject’s perspective. That is to say, you are asking whether he is physically able (i.e. 要 [yào] to want to 'verb' -OR- will be going to do 'verb' 我要看你的中文书. I want to read your Chinese book -OR- I will be reading your Chinese book. Optative verbs are Call us TODAY on +44 (0)7707743663 – Negative answer). Can Sparky the Dog (right) eat all those hotdogs?In Chinese, there are three words for can: 可以,能 and 会. Choose from 500 different sets of chinese verb optative flashcards on Quizlet.

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