Last medically reviewed on January 28, 2020, Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. Change diapers as soon as you know they are wet or dirty. Before you skip to the treatment section, keep in mind that your baby’s tongue could be white from milk residue. Diaper rash with thrush may not clear up with the usual. Thrush is a fungal infection of the mouth that can affect anyone at any age, but it's especially common in small babies, especially those younger than 6 months. A few mouthfuls of water from a medicine cup will help remove the milk from his mouth. This is why it's essential to ensure that both you and your baby (and anyone else who has it in your household) are treated at the same time. It's easy to treat at home. These placed inside your bra to protect anything from rubbing or sticking to your nipples. Thrush is a fungal infection that can affect a baby’s mouth, diaper area and breastfeeding mothers' breasts. Odorless garlic capsules are available from health food stores. Here’s another possible cause: If you had to deal with a vaginal yeast infection when you were expecting (a less-often-talked-about-but-common pregnancy side effect that can be blamed on hormonal changes), your baby could have picked up Candida in the birth canal. Leave your breasts exposed to the air for as long as possible. These medicines come in gel or liquid form and are applied directly to the affected areas and get to work to relieve symptoms. Candida albicanis is a white yeast-like fungus. Although it is effective in the treatment of thrush there is a risk of burning your baby's mouth using this treatment. You’re doing just fine, mom or dad. If your baby sucks his thumb or fingers, he may also develop a yeast infection around his fingernails. Oral thrush in infants often disappears within 2 weeks, and parents or caregivers may be advised to monitor the infection, without using medication. Read on to learn more about thrush and what might cause it in your baby, how to spot the symptoms, how to treat or prevent this kind of infection, and how oral thrush might affect you if youâre breastfeeding. Here’s the deal. For severe mouth pain with bottle feeding, don't use a bottle. So if the symptoms of thrush persist, pay your pediatrician a visit. When breastfeeding infants have thrush, they can pass it to their mother’s breast and cause: Red, sensitive, cracked, or itchy nipples. You can also dab this onto your nipples following feeds. The yeast infection can be spread from your mouth to another person’s or vice versa. One of the first signs you notice could be that your baby isn't feeding as well as usual, or he seems to be finding it uncomfortable or painful. Use a cotton swab to do this. Put on a clean bra every day or more often. Antifungal medications come in drops or gel for treating oral thrush and creams for treating thrush on the skin, i.e. *The aim of breast shells is to avoid anything touching tender nipples. It’s the most common oral fungal infection in infants. Often taking care to reduce exposure in addition to using a natural remedy to make the environment (mouth or skin) less favorable for the growth of the yeast is all that is needed. If you or anyone else in the family has thrush, itâs important to treat everyone at the same time to stop the infection being passed back to your baby. Avoid using disposable nursing pads with a plastic backing, and remember to change your nursing pads when they get wet. If your baby is being given antibiotics for an infection, this might also increase the risk of thrush because antibiotics â which are great at fighting bacterial infections â can also kill off some of those âgood bacteriaâ at the same time. If this is the case, all family members may need to be treated to reduce the risk of your baby becoming re-infected. And here’s how you can tell if you have thrush on your nipples: Are your nipples burning and sore? Dehydration suspected. The yeast that causes a thrush infection, flourishes in warm, moist environments. Allow his bottom to air as much as possible by providing diaper-free time, 3 to 4 times each day. This is another possible symptom of oral thrush in your baby. This educational content is not medical or diagnostic advice. Having a new baby can be unpredictable sometimes. That would explain why oral thrush often follows a course of antibiotics (just when you thought you were finally going to catch up on the sleep you missed because your baby wasn’t well). Although available over-the-counter, clotrimazole is a potent antifungal treatment. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it. Lactobacilli act like “good” bacteria to help get rid of the fungus. If your baby is breastfed, you will also need to treat your nipples at the same time in order to reduce the risk of a thrush infection occurring on your nipples or in your breasts. Although nystatin is one the least toxic known drugs, it's effective in about 60% of cases. It may take about two weeks to clear up the infection. We’ve already mentioned that you can find thrush in other places, too. Don't permit other children to share pacifiers, feeding nipples or toys that will put into their mouth. Use a natural remedy or antifungal medication as described below. It also helps to take all the preventive measures you can while treating an existing case of thrush. If cracked nipples are making it too painful to breastfeed directly, consider expressing milk and offering it to your baby in a small cup. In the meantime, take some time out to give yourself or your baby a little treat by turning your diapers into great gifts, coupons, and discounts. The wash (to be used externally only) contains lactic acid that help maintain the natural pH balance of the vaginal area. Your doctor will probably prescribe an anti-yeast liquid medicine. Limit pacifier use to times when nothing else will calm your baby. Check in with your doctor if it doesn't. Don't share bath towels. Use the towel only once or thoroughly dry after each use. If the thrush doesn't clear up in a few weeks with treatment, or if it keeps coming back â especially if your little one is over 9 months old â see your healthcare provider to investigate whether any other health issues are at play. Take care that you don't spread the yeast, that may come in contact with your hands (as you change your baby's diaper), back into diaper rash creams. a very low functioning immune system. Antibiotics can affect the levels of good bacteria in your body which can allow fungal infections to develop. (See crying baby and infant colic for common reasons for these behaviors.). If NYSTATIN or MICRONAZOLE is not effective intitially or the yeast becomes chronic and infects the ducts of your breast (resulting in breast pain) other antifungal medicines are available. Ensure your baby latches-on correctly to avoid further damage to your nipples. If you notice a stubborn rash with red dots, think thrush. The good news is that it's common and easily treated. Here’s the rundown on your options for oral thrush. A yeast diaper rash is bright pink or red with clearly defined edges. Basic recommendations have been made under each section for oral thrush, thrush diaper rash and nipple/breast thrush above and additional recommendations are made below. reviewed by our medical review board and team of experts. Regularly sterilize pacifiers, teething rings, the nipples of feeding bottles, and anything else that goes in your baby's mouth. It’s also known as oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or thrush. Rest easy. Then gently tip any remaining nystatin into his mouth. Learn about the signs of thrush, how to prevent it, and the various medical and non-medical treatments. Note: Follow your doctor's advice if it is different. After thrush is gone, discard pacifiers and buy new ones. They do not need to be boiled or sterilized. As for the rest of us, almost everyone carries this yeast on or in his/her body. Make sure to regularly sterilise bottles, dummies and toys to help kill any bacteria that could lead to infections. Making sure that you wash your hands after changing your baby’s nappy can also stop thrush from spreading. Try wiping them gently away â if they can't be removed in this way, your little one might have oral thrush. Drink 2-3 cups daily. Carefully follow the instruction for pre-wash diaper soaking solution (available from the supermarket). You can purchase probiotics as a dietary supplement, but make sure to choose a reputable brand suitable for babies. There may also be sharp shooting pains in the breast during or after feeds. Dissolve a level teaspoon of baking soda in 1 cup of water. Babies can also develop thrush in their mouths if they have been given antibiotics or if they are being breastfeed and their mother has been taking antibiotics. This solution can sting if thrush is severe. If thrush is not treated it can worsen and spread to other parts of the body. Keep this up for at least 7 days. Their skin can look sore, be covered in spots or pimples and feel hot to the touch. Bras and reusable breast pads should be soaked in a bleach solution prior to washing in hot water and dried in the sun or on a hot setting in the dryer. Permission from author must be obtained to copy or reproduce any part of this article. Where a medication is used, wash the medicine dropper in hot, soapy water after each use.